In Hodeidah province, a different network of Emirati-backed militias under the umbrella of the National Resistance Forces (NRF) has emerged. He also stated that Pakistan would not back down from conflict with India (Business Recorder, 27 September 2019). The second conflict is linked to the secessionist Southern Transitional Council (STC), a political organisation established in May 2017 that advocates for the creation of an independent state in southern Yemen. But before any substantial reduction in violence can be achieved, the two sides will have to agree about the future of Afghanistan’s democracy and electoral process, rights of women, the fate of heavily armed warlords, and a host of other highly contentious issues (USA Today, 29 December 2019). Additionally, violent inter-party rivalries extend the schism between the numerous concurrent political ideologies which exist within the world’s largest democracy. 2. It seems likely that Prime Minister Modi’s current tactics will unravel across India’s vast political landscape. In 2019, the world witnessed a drastic increase in violent disorder that assumed many forms: protests from Lebanon to Hong Kong and Iraq to Chile; geopolitical competition in Yemen and Syria; dominant insurgencies in Somalia and Afghanistan; a cartel-insurgency in Mexico; and a diffuse, adaptable militant threat across the Sahel. As the country gears up for its first national election with universal suffrage since the outbreak of civil war in 1992, the ability to provide safety and effective governance are key to ensuring the legitimacy of the government. These were especially amplified after the merging of the former ruling coalition, the EPRDF, into a single “Prosperity Party,” which dissolved five regional parties into a single block ahead of next year’s elections. UN Special Envoy for Central Africa Louceny Fall 9 Dec briefed UN Security Council on Anglophone conflict; U.S. called Cameroon greatest concern in region with 6.2mn in need of humanitarian assistance, 2.3mn more than in early 2020. Pope Francis Rejects Proposal to Allow Priests to Marry in Remote Areas The proposal was brought by bishops in hopes that it would bring clergy members to remote areas in the Amazon. “Regrettably, ongoing political uncertainty means that progress is being hampered. Under the US government’s new Migrant Protection Protocols program, also known as the “Remain in Mexico” policy, approximately 54,000 migrants have been sent to northern Mexico to await legal processing, where they face regular attacks by criminal gangs (Wall Street Journal, 28 December 2019). Elections for state legislative assemblies and the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of parliament, set for 2020 will be important gauges through which to assess the fallout faced by the BJP in the wake of the Kashmir and CAA controversy. There are significant latent risks across the US that are continuously exacerbated by hyper-partisan rhetoric and divides. While 39.7 per cent of Indian respondents believe the most pressing problem is poverty, 32.7 per cent believe it is religious conflict and 31.1 per cent says it is lack of education. The northeastern region, which is home to a culturally and ethnically diverse population, remains somewhat excluded from the national mainstream and has a history of insurgent and secessionist activity. “If we look at [peace walls] in a realistic world, we shouldn't need them, but also in a realistic world, it gives me more sense of security.". More recently, mosques and Muslim-owned businesses have been targeted for arson in East Gondar (Addis Standard, 21 December 2019), Amhara Christians have been attacked in the Bale-Robe area of Oromia, and several university students were killed by unidentified perpetrators or fellow students (Reuters, 10 December 2019). Religious conflict in Nigeria dates as far back as 1953. For three days, Iranian officials denied responsibility for the incident, before they admitted that the plane – which reportedly flew close to a military site near Tehran – was mistaken for an American cruise missile (Business Insider, 10 January 2020). At the same time, religious conflict may be used as a front for a hidden political agenda. After his election in the spring of 2018, Prime Minister Abiy has opened political space significantly, allowing for a number of opposition groups to return to the country from abroad and participate in political activism (BBC, 29 June 2019). To help you, here’s our 2020 interfaith calendar, and inclusive religious calendar of holy days. But for Brennan, Forsyth, Thompson and many others living near peace walls in Belfast and around Northern Ireland, it seems they are going to be a source of security for the foreseeable future. People living outside of their own ethnic zones, including a number of university students, have also faced increasing attacks. Many are high, harsh structures, while others are a mix of gates, mesh fencing and solid walls. ACLED records 72 air or drone strikes conducted by American forces last year, marking a 24% increase from 2018 (58 strikes) and a nearly 200% increase when compared to strikes in 2016 (24 strikes). A mural on the Falls Road in west Belfast in protest of the peace walls coming down. Pakistani forces responded by sending a sortie into Indian airspace and reportedly dropping bombs in J&K’s Poonch and Rajouri districts. “Since 2002, we’ve been inundated with bricks, stones, bottles, pipe bombs, shootings, and we just feel safe behind it.”. Melissa Pavlik is a Research Consultant at ACLED studying overarching trends of armed conflict across and within ACLED’s regions of study. Related: A New Protestant beginning for the Irish language in Belfast. Data on political violence and protest activity in Latin America and the Caribbean will be published in February 2020, at which point ACLED will begin releasing weekly real-time data updates for the region. INTRODUCTION. “The U.S. Role in the Sunni-Shi’ite Conflict,” Accessed March 6, 2020. “It’s a widespread concern. Everyone in Belfast marks their Irish or British identity. Amid Iraq’s Turmoil, Tal Afar Builds Peace. Splinter factions of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) led by Jaal Marroo are accused of launching several attacks on regional officials and police forces in western Oromia (BBC Amharic, 2 December 2019). As most demonstrations were held in provincial towns and working class areas, it suggested there may be an absence of a broad social base willing to push for radical change (Transatlantic Puzzle, 24 December 2019). The Presbyterian Church (USA) has declined from 3.1 million members in 1984 to about 1.3 million today. Meanwhile, clashes over territory in Ad Dali, Sadah, and Hajjah governorates continued between both sides, with Houthi forces losing control over major strategic crossroads in Ad Dali. Apace across the Sahel variety of interconnected local conflicts in the Democrat-controlled house of Representatives this past December party... Privacy policy and Erbil is illegitimate experience unprecedented levels of criminal and drug-related violence ( )! 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