Costa Rica is a linguistically diverse country and home to at least five living local indigenous languages spoken by the descendants of pre-Columbian peoples: Maléku, Cabécar, Bribri, Guaymí, and Buglere. Costa Rica is not a big country; with just above 51,000 square kilometers of landmass it is roughly the same size as Slovakia. [126] When used as a question, the connotation would be "everything is going well?" [74] By 2015, 93 percent of the country's electricity came from renewable sources. [132][133] Its best performance in the regional CONCACAF Gold Cup was runner-up in 2002. [137], Basketball is also a popular sport in Costa Rica even though the country's national team has not yet qualified for a major international tournament such as the FIBA AmeriCup or the FIBA World Cup.[138]. [17], Agriculture became evident in the populations that lived in Costa Rica about 5,000 years ago. Costa Rica is recognized in Latin America for the quality of its educational system. ", "Costa Rica es nuevamente el país más feliz del mundo, según índice 'Happy Planet, "UK citizens better off than EU counterparts, says happiness index", "Measuring what matters: the Happy Planet Index 2012", "Costa Rica: Achievements of a Heterodox Health Policy", "CLOSING THE GAPS: The Challenge to Protect Costa Rica's Health Care System", Contested Cornerstones of Nonviolent National Self-Perception in Costa Rica: A Historical Approach, Policymaking, Parties, and Institutions in Democratic Costa Rica, Official website of the government of Costa Rica, World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Costa Rica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Costa_Rica&oldid=1000453291, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1821, Articles with incomplete citations from October 2018, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The country has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 62nd in the world as of 2019[update], and fifth in Latin America. San José, the capital, is located in a highland valley in central Costa Rica called the Meseta Central. About 7% of GDP is allocated to the health sector, and over 70% is government funded. Shards of pots, cylindrical vases, platters, gourds and other forms of vases decorated with grooves, prints, and some modelled after animals have been found.[19]. km), which makes it comparable in size to Denmark or the state of West Virginia. [59][60], Of the GDP, 5.5% is generated by agriculture, 18.6% by industry and 75.9% by services. The Battle of Ochomogo took place on the Hill of Ochomogo, located in the Central Valley in 1823. Most of them live in secluded reservations, distributed among eight ethnic groups: Quitirrisí (in the Central Valley), Matambú or Chorotega (Guanacaste), Maleku (northern Alajuela), Bribri (southern Atlantic), Cabécar (Cordillera de Talamanca), Guaymí (southern Costa Rica, along the Panamá border), Boruca (southern Costa Rica) and Térraba [es] (southern Costa Rica). "[127] In that usage, it might be translated as "awesome", indicating that all is very well. Within three years, “we sampled an area the size of Costa Rica,” said Fragoso — about 48,000 square kilometers (18,500 square miles). The name la costa rica, meaning "rich coast" in the Spanish language, was in some accounts first applied by Christopher Columbus, who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage in 1502,[20] and reported vast quantities of gold jewelry worn by natives. [108] In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S.[109][110]. Meanwhile analysis by INPE shows an even steeper drop from 4,375 square kilometers in August 2008 through July 2009 to 2,296 square kilometers in the current period, a decline of 48 percent. The Costa Rican Pacific coast is 1,016 kilometres in length. [95] In response, the PRC built a new, $100 million, state-of-the-art football stadium in Parque la Sabana, in the province of San José. Costa Rica entered the Summer Olympics for the first time in 1936 with the fencer Bernardo de la Guardia and the Winter Olympics for the first time in 1980 with the skier Arturo Kinch. All four of Costa Rica's Olympic medals were won by the sisters Silvia and Claudia Poll in swimming, with Claudia winning the only gold medal in 1996. CSV XML EXCEL. The University of Costa Rica has been awarded the title "Meritorious Institution of Costa Rican Education and Culture". The mountainous, windy roads which are generally in poor condition (though improvements are under way) can make getting from one place to another much longer than it would appear. Historical Property Directly on the Paseo Colón, San José Centro, San José, San José, Costa Rica. km amongst East Asia and Pacific in 2008. Costa Rica's distance from the capital of the captaincy in Guatemala, its legal prohibition under Spanish law from trade with its southern neighbor Panama, then part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (i.e. There is 1,016 km (631 mi) of coastline on the Pacific side and 212 km (132 mi) of coastline on the Caribbean side. (2016)[53] Agriculture employs 12.9% of the labor force, industry 18.57%, services 69.02% (2016)[61] For the region, its unemployment level is moderately high (8.2% in 2016, according to the IMF). Spaniards brought many new ingredients to the country from other lands, especially spices and domestic animals. ... m 2 - Square Meter ... sq ft - Square Foot Distance Unit. Costa Rica's official language is Spanish; and more than 90 percent of Costa Ricans are Roman Catholic (www.greenarrow.com). Russia ranked first for land area > sq. Largest Cities in Costa Rica 83.8% of people living in Costa Rica live in a city or a surrounding metro area. Like the rest of Central America, Costa Rica never fought for independence from Spain. [145], In 2002, there were 0.58 new general practitioner (medical) consultations and 0.33 new specialist consultations per capita, and a hospital admission rate of 8.1%. The highest volcano in the country is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 m or 11,257 ft) and the largest lake is Lake Arenal. The extreme terrain of Costa Rica also makes many locations impassible due to mangroves, high mountains with low valleys between, marshland, protected areas, etc…. Since 2012, smoking in Costa Rica is subject to some of the most restrictive regulations in the world. [58] Companies with facilities in the America Free Zone in Heredia, for example, include Intel, Dell, HP, Bayer, Bosch, DHL, IBM and Okay Industries. [92] In 2010, there was also a dispute around Isla Calero, and the impact of Nicaraguan dredging of the river in that area. ", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Global Finance Magazine - Costa Rica GDP and Economic Data", "Costa Rica Economy - GDP, Inflation, CPI and Interest Rate", "IMF Mission Concludes Visit to Costa Rica", "Costa Rica "Playing With Fire" By Delaying Fiscal Reform Says Intl Expert – Costa Rica Star News", "Major Business Success for Costa Rica Free Trade Zones - Costa Rica Star News", "Okay Industries Expands Operation in Costa Rica and Reinvests US$ 2 Million", "Costa Rica - employment by economic sector - Statistic", "Costa Rica records lowest poverty figures in seven years", "Costa Rica's Healthcare: One of the Best at a Low Cost - The Costa Rica News", "The Structure of the Educational System in Costa Rica - CostaRicaLaw.com", "Costa Rica - Import Tariffs - export.gov", "OEC - Costa Rica (CRI) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners", "Costa Rica's Fruits Exports Beyond Pineapples And Bananas", Costa Rica sustainable resource management: Successfully tackling tropical deforestation, "Costa Rica taxing firms that dump wastewater into rivers", "Bright Green: Costa Rica and New Zealand on Path to Carbon Neutrality", "Costa Rica uses 100 pct. [70][83] In 2016, the World Travel & Tourism Council's estimates indicated a direct contribution to the GDP of 5.1% and 110,000 direct jobs in Costa Rica; the total number of jobs indirectly supported by tourism was 271,000. One of Costa Rica’s main sources of income is tourism. After the coup d'état, Figueres became a national hero, winning the country's first democratic election under the new constitution in 1953. [12] Well over half of that type of investment has come from the U.S.[57] According to the government, the zones supported over 82,000 direct jobs and 43,000 indirect jobs in 2015. [1] By 2016, the UN estimation for the population was around 5 million.[5][6]. Soil can mitigate climate change. [66] A US government report confirms that the country has "historically placed a high priority on education and the creation of a skilled work force" but notes that the high school drop-out rate is increasing. The breakfast was awesome - my kids were super happy and it was a good first morning in Costa Rica. There is a rich variety of plants and Costa Rican wildlife. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Elayne Whyte Gómez is the Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the UN Office at Geneva (2017) and President of the United Nations Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons. [52], The country has been considered economically stable with moderate inflation, estimated at 2.6% in 2017,[53] and moderately high growth in GDP, which increased from US$41.3 billion in 2011 to US$52.6 billion in 2015. [131][unreliable source?]. They must also have an identity document or passport. Follow this link for more information on how long it will take to drive between popular destinations. The 2019 population density in Costa Rica is 99 people per Km 2 (256 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 51,060 Km2 (19,714 sq. As a result of the immigration of Spaniards, their 16th-century Spanish culture and its evolution marked everyday life and culture until today, with Spanish language and the Catholic religion as primary influences. On 1 June 2007, Costa Rica broke diplomatic ties with Taiwan, switching recognition to the People's Republic of China. Permanent programs, such as the National Symphony Orchestra of Costa Rica and the Youth Symphony Orchestra, are conjunctions of two areas of work: Culture and Youth. [53] Although 20.5% of the population lives below the poverty line (2017),[62] Costa Rica has one of the highest standards of living in Central America. Arenal Volcano is an active andesitic stratovolcano in north-western Costa Rica around 90 km northwest of San José, in the province of Alajuela, canton of San Carlos, and district of La Fortuna. However, five per cent of the Earth’s bio diversity calls Costa Rica home. The "summer" or dry season is December to April, and "winter" or rainy season is May to November. The more than 11 thousand square kilometers added to the conservation map of Costa Rica are the result of the creation of the marine management areas Montes Submarinos, Cabo Blanco, Bahía Santa Elena and Barra del Colorado, promoted by ACRXS together with public and private allies. [56], Many foreign companies (manufacturing and services) operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives. Population of Costa Rica; GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of Costa Rica; Demographics of Latin America and the Caribbean ; World Demographics; … As a result of that and illegal immigration, an estimated 10–15% (400,000–600,000) of the Costa Rican population is made up of Nicaraguans. [18], The earliest use of pottery appears around 2,000 to 3,000 BCE. [72] Similarly, Costa Rica has a tax on water pollution to penalize businesses and homeowners that dump sewage, agricultural chemicals, and other pollutants into waterways. [85] The trail Camino de Costa Rica supports this by allowing travelers to walk across the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. km amongst Hot countries in 2008. [115], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints claims more than 35,000 members, and has a temple in San José that served as a regional worship center for Costa Rica. Deforestation, illegal pet-trading, and hunting are the main reasons for its threatened status. [65], Costa Rica has free trade agreements with many countries, including the US. President Óscar Arias Sánchez admitted the action was a response to economic exigency. [86] By the time of the 2017 report, the country had reached 38th place, slightly behind Panama. Within three years, “we sampled an area the size of Costa Rica,” said Fragoso — about 48,000 square kilometers (18,500 square miles). Several homes in the neighborhood east of the park display the Star of David and other Jewish symbols. Belize and El Salvador were the smallest countries in … Paulo Wanchope, a forward who played for three clubs in England's Premier League in the late 1990s and early 2000s, is credited with enhancing foreign recognition of Costa Rican football. Costa Rica utilizes the Costa Rican colon as its currency. The three largest countries in Central America all had an area of more than 100 thousand square kilometers. Here is a link to our Costa Rica map page. Due to small, but continuous, immigration from Asia and the Middle East, other religions have grown, the most popular being Buddhism, with about 100,000 practitioners (over 2% of the population). Patients can choose private health care to avoid waiting lists. There are no provincial legislatures. Soil makes up the greatest pool of terrestrial organic carbon, more than double the amount stored in vegetation. DataBank. It would also benefit from more graduates in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) programs, according to the report. [68], Pharmaceuticals, financial outsourcing, software development, and ecotourism have become the prime industries in Costa Rica's economy. Costa Rica is located on the Central American isthmus, lying between latitudes 8° and 12°N, and longitudes 82° and 86°W. Football is the most popular sport in Costa Rica. Arias announced that both countries would exchange ambassadors. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers (19,714 square miles). [11] The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%. In general, the Costa Rican oceans shelter at least 6,777 species, representing 3.5 percent of known species in the planet and also making the country a must-visit destination for diving enthusiasts. Since the late 19th century, however, Costa Rica has experienced two significant periods of violence. For the first and second millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Live Costa Rica Population Clock 2017 - Population of Costa Rica Today", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2017", "Ahora solo la mitad de los ticos se declara católica", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Amazon invests in Costa Rica as tiny nation carves out profitable niche in world economy", "The Investment Promotion Agency of Costa Rica", "Aniversario de la Independencia Nacional", "Costa Rica's Coffee Tradition - Costa Rica Star News", "Costa Rica Coffee - Past & Present Coffee Cultivations", "Coffee Production and Processing on a Large Costa Rican Finca", Ian Holzhauer, "The Presidency of Calderón Guardia" (University of Florida History Thesis, 2004), "Why getting rid of Costa Rica's army 70 years ago has been such a success", "Costa Rican president backs holiday for army abolition", "This country regrew its lost forest. But unlike those landlocked places, Costa Rica has two coasts, which means ample marine attractions complement its terrestrial assets. Costa Rican pride was assuaged for the loss of this eastern (or southern) territory with the acquisition of Guanacaste, in the north. Urban land area (sq. [75] In 2019, the country produced 99.62% of its electricity from renewable sources and ran completely on renewable sources for 300 continuous days. [citation needed], Costa Rica is among the Latin America countries that have become popular destinations for medical tourism. This house with 2 bedrooms and 2 bathrooms is located in Alajuela, Alajuela Costa Rica, in the county of Alajuela. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. = 5.20 kilometers (about 3.23 miles) For details on its history, seeBalbin on the legua. The Latinobarómetro survey of 2017 found that 57% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics, 25% are Evangelical Protestants, 15% report that they do not have a religion, and 2% declare that they belong to another religion. [112] Most Buddhists are members of the Han Chinese community of about 40,000 with some new local converts. km) Rural land area (sq. Approximately 600 Chinese engineers and laborers took part in this project, and it was inaugurated in March 2011, with a match between the national teams of Costa Rica and China. [11], The central location provides access to American markets and direct ocean access to Europe and Asia. The currency is the colon, in which one U.S. dollar equals about 215 colons. km) Rural land area (sq. The Cocos Island is a famous island located off the coast of Costa Rica in the Pacific Ocean. 1 LOCATION AND SIZE Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. description for amazing white water coastal beach, surf view gold coast / best buy costa rica TWO PROPERTIES -- HUGE OCEAN VIEWS, 360 DEGREE VIEWS, "A NATURAL ATTRACTION LIVE WITH NATURE"\r1C - 12.72 ACRES; $195,000\r2C - 8.54 ACRES; $155,000\r\rCOLINAS DE VENADO IS AN EXCLUSIVE, GATED COMMUNITY OFFERING ONLY 15 PARCELS ON 100 ACRES BORDERING THE … In November 2017, National Geographic magazine named Costa Rica as the happiest country in the world,[121] and the country routinely ranks high in various happiness metrics. [10], The sovereign state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. The northwest of the country, the Nicoya peninsula, was the southernmost point of Nahuatl cultural influence when the Spanish conquerors (conquistadores) came in the 16th century. Room Size: 68 square meters / 732 square … [70] Coffee production played a key role in Costa Rica's history and in 2006, was the third cash crop export. [citation needed]. Thanks to the large number of protected areas in Costa Rica, jaguars are able to hide and roam as necessary. Costa Rica is a relatively large country in Central America with a landmass of 19,700 square miles (51,000 square kilometers) along with 277 square miles (717 kilometers) of offshore waters. [11] Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Exceptions are Guanacaste, where almost half the population is visibly mestizo, a legacy of the more pervasive unions between Spanish colonists and Chorotega Amerindians through several generations, and Limón, where the vast majority of the Afro-Costa Rican community lives. [37] U.S. convicts, Italians and Chinese immigrants also participated in the construction project. Because of its educational system, Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in Latin America, 97%. The island is designated as a national park and no settlements are allowed here. The plot of 27 acres offers several building sites, mostly also with beautiful views of the river. Nicaragua borders Costa Rica to the north and Panama to the south. [43] In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. The considerable distance and poor communication routes between Guatemala City and the Central Plateau, where most of the Costa Rican population lived then and still lives now, meant the local population had little allegiance to the federal government in Guatemala. Christianity is Costa Rica's predominant religion, with Roman Catholicism being the official state religion according to the 1949 Constitution, which at the same time guarantees freedom of religion. High levels of education among its residents make the country an attractive investing location. Send to a friend Contact With a very diverse topology, Costa Ricas highest point is Cerro Chirripo at 12,530 feet (3,819 meters). Some languages, such as Teribe and Boruca, have fewer than a thousand speakers. Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in 1808,[31] and by the 1820s, it surpassed tobacco, sugar, and cacao as a primary export. Despite the small size of Costa Rica, the varied terrain makes the country seem as though it is much larger. The bureaucracy is "often slow and cumbersome". This is roughly the size of West Virginia or Denmark. About Costa Rica. [36], Most Afro-Costa Ricans descend from Jamaican immigrants who worked in the construction of that railway and now make up about 3% of Costa Rica's population. Costa Rica is a Central American country close to the equator with coastlines touching both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, wedged between Nicaragua and Panama. Stone tools, the oldest evidence of human occupation in Costa Rica, are associated with the arrival of various groups of hunter-gatherers about 10,000 to 7,000 years BCE in the Turrialba Valley. 1. Beach Property For Sale in Punta Uva, Talamanca Costa Rica: $850,000 USD: Property For Sale In Punta Uva Talamanca - Punta Uva`s Dream property - Priced To Sell! Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. The central and southern portions of the country had Chibcha influences. Mount, Graeme S. "Costa Rica and the Cold War, 1948–1990. Today, the jaguar numbers are highest in the Amazon, but they also thrive in the swamp lands and tropical forests in Costa Rica. Find Property for rent in Costa Rica. In 2002, 96% of Costa Rican women used some form of contraception, and antenatal care services were provided to 87% of all pregnant women. Exports: Coffee and bananas, but in recent years most income has been from tourism. The biggest lake in the country is Lake Arenal (Sandy Lake) with a surface area of 33 square miles (85 square km) and a de… [135][136] On 17 November 2020, FIFA announced that the event would be held in Costa Rica in 2022. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. United States is about 192 times bigger than Costa Rica.. Costa Rica is approximately 51,100 sq km, while United States is approximately 9,833,517 sq km, making United States 19,144% larger than Costa Rica. The Geography of Costa Rica Total Size: 51,100 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than West Virginia Geographical Coordinates: 10 00 N, 84 00 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: coastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m [106] The number of migrants declined in later years but in 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica[107] and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000, a fivefold increase from 2012. [24], Another important factor behind Costa Rica's poverty was the lack of a significant indigenous population available for encomienda (forced labor), which meant most of the Costa Rican settlers had to work on their own land, preventing the establishment of large haciendas (plantations). The population includes European Costa Ricans (of European ancestry), primarily of Spanish descent,[2] with significant numbers of Italian, German, English, Dutch, French, Irish, Portuguese, and Polish families, as well a sizable Jewish community. Preventive health care is also successful. The ports, roads, railways and water delivery systems would benefit from major upgrading, a concern voiced by other reports too. The 2011 census classified 83.6% of the population as white or Mestizo; the latter are persons of combined European and Amerindian descent. This is roughly the size of West Virginia or Denmark. [141][142] The New Economics Foundation (NEF) ranked Costa Rica first in its 2009 Happy Planet Index, and once again in 2012. [149][150] In 2006, Costa Rica received 150,000 foreigners that came for medical treatment. Lara, Sylvia Lara, Tom Barry, and Peter Simonson. The guitar is popular, especially as an accompaniment to folk dances; however, the marimba was made the national instrument. Reasons include the high level of social services, the caring nature of its inhabitants, long life expectancy and relatively low corruption. Currently, 79.3 % of the population of Costa Rica is urban (4,003,302 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Costa Rica is 99 people per Km 2 (256 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 51,060 Km2 (19,714 sq. km since 1961. [34] By the mid-1850s the main market for coffee was Britain. It has a total of 1,290 kilometres (800 mi) of coastline. Unsure of what to do? [93], On 14 July 2009, the International Court of Justice in the Hague upheld Costa Rica's navigation rights for commercial purposes to subsistence fishing on their side of the river. Costa Rica experiences a tropical climate year round. [65] When the army was abolished in 1949, it was said that the "army would be replaced with an army of teachers". The country also experienced well-being higher than many richer nations and a per capita ecological footprint one-third the size of the United States. [148] Prior to 1940, government hospitals and charities provided most health care. The Nicaragua border to the north is 309 km long (192 mi) and the Panama border to the south is 330 km long (210 mi). [42][97] According to DW, "Costa Rica is known for its stable democracy, progressive social policies, such as free, compulsory public education, high social well-being, and emphasis on environmental protection. It is known for its long-standing and stable democracy, and for its highly educated workforce, most of whom speak English. Fact 12: Over 2000 types of plants that you find in the rainforest can be used to help aide in cancer treatment because they have anti-cancer properties. 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Unitary presidential constitutional Republic the closely related Guaymí are spoken by some three million...., Guatemala, and Sports is in charge of the country 's free Trade agreements with many,... 4 ] the revenue helped to modernize the country seem as though it is conically with. [ 147 ] its best performance in the construction project coast, meanwhile, was populated African! 19Th century, the country several building sites, mostly also with beautiful of! And 2 bathrooms is located north of Costa Rica Human Rights and the closely related Guaymí spoken... Or a surrounding metro area of terrestrial organic carbon, more than 100 thousand square kilometers, which means marine.

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