Andreas: Of course, these autobahns were empty, because until the war started hardly anybody could afford the cars. Rick Steves' Europe. Rick Steves Tours. With all this economic activity and employment, Hitler re-energized Germany. Reviewed in the United States on March 19, 2019. This poignant memorial remembers those who tried to resist Hitler's power grab. Alfio: 1918 is the end of World War I. Crowning a bluff just above Omaha Beach and the eye of the D-Day storm, 9,387 brilliant white-marble crosses and Stars of David glow in memory of Americans who gave their lives to free Europe on the beaches below. They make us pause and attempt to comprehend the unthinkable numbers. The uniform buildings and the logical, grid-plan streets celebrate order and conformity, while echoing a powerful past and promising a glorious future. Francesca: There was this famous fascist motto: "Everything for the State, everything within the State, and nothing against the State.". In Italy, angry citizens turned on their dictator with fury — executing Mussolini by firing squad, then hanging his body upside-down for all to see. Andreas: Fascism is perceived as a strong movement with simple answers for complicated problems. Along the way, we'll visit poignant sights throughout Europe relating to fascism, and talk with Europeans whose families lived through those times. My local PBS stations are broadcasting "Happy Winter" as part of that series this week. Inappropriate Content. Rick Steves, Writer: Rick Steves' Europe. About two thousand years ago Roman soldiers executed Jesus of Nazareth. In Picasso's masterpiece [now at the Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid], a woman looks to the sky, horses scream, a soldier falls — body shattered, sword broken. Home / Blog; Posted on June 11, 2014 August 6, 2015 by . Island-hopping to Santorini, Mykonos, and Rhodes, we'll tour ancient ruins, sample rustic cuisine and compare beaches. Francesca: In fascism, belligerence is celebrated. This stark, gray, boxy building is one of the few memorial sites that focuses on the perpetrators rather than the victims of the Nazis. The show is produced by Back Door Productions and Oregon Public Broadcasting and distributed by American Public Television. His visits were lovingly filmed to show him as the embodiment of all that was good about Germany: healthy, vigorous, respectable…everyone's favorite uncle. So, he was not part of democracy anymore — he was a god-like figure. +49 (0)163-345-4427, Andreas: And of course, people knew about concentration camps in Germany — for political enemies — and they were supposed to know, so they would keep their mouths shut. ", Today, Berlin's Topography of Terror exhibit stands on the rubble of what was once the most feared address in Berlin: the headquarters of the Gestapo secret police and the elite SS force. Travel expert Rick Steves spoke with Boston Public Radio on Monday about the future of the travel business now that COVID-19 vaccines are available. And Hitler finished his life here in Berlin. Our tours attract fun, flexible folks who often remain friends many years after their "farewell" dinner together. And the people who lived through Europe's fascist nightmare — the destruction of Europe, the Holocaust, and the ultimate, heroic Allied victory — are like flickering candles keeping the memory of those dark times alive. "Many enemies…much honor. In the late 1930s, Mussolini planned an international exhibition — the 1942 Exhibit Universal Rome (E.U.R.) Fascism continued to spread, and its militarism threatened peace in Europe. Expansionism was a key tenet of fascism. In 1939, Germany invaded Poland, and World War II began. It doesn't exist in any aspect. The sweeping impact of fascism can be felt to this day in the many memorials across Europe that remind us of those horrific years. Georg: The idea about fascism is to have a big community that all operates exactly the same way, and to have a common opinion that covers all. The chaotic aftermath of the war created fertile ground for the seeds of fascism. But the democratically elected government fought back, and the nation descended into a bloody civil war. High in the Guadarrama Mountains outside Madrid, a 500-foot-tall granite cross marks an immense and powerful underground monument to the victims of Spain's 20th-century nightmare — its civil war (1936–1939). This is a collection of all forum topics sorted by the most recent update. Hitler followed a playbook that has inspired autocrats — left and right — ever since. The land Israelis and Palestinians occupy is, for a third of humanity, literally holy land. Season 9 of Rick Steves' Europe features ten all-new TV shows. Goebbels used every means available to him. As we've seen through the story of fascism in Europe, charismatic leaders rose to power through the democratic process and then seized extra-constitutional power by unlawful means. Special attention is paid to Nürnberg's role in the Nazi movement, including the construction and use of the Rally Grounds, where Hitler's largest demonstrations took place. He put together a ruling coalition — partnering with conventional conservative politicians who figured they could control him. Birkenau is on a much bigger scale and mostly outdoors, with the infamous guard tower, a vast field with ruins of barracks, a few tourable rough barracks, the notorious "dividing platform," a giant monument flanked by remains of destroyed crematoria, and a prisoner processing facility called "the Sauna.". Rick Steves' Europe is public television's most-watched, longest-running travel series. After a furious and bloody battle, they established first a beachhead, then a makeshift harbor, and the long battle to reach Berlin was underway. The efficient and heartless bureaucracy behind Hitler's crimes gave rise to the expression "the banality of evil.". Rick Steves' Europe. Travel information for Europe's best destinations across 25+ countries. This Holocaust memorial, consisting of 2,711 gravestone-like pillars (called "stelae") and completed in 2005, was the first formal, German government-sponsored Holocaust memorial. The exhibit is a bit dense, but WWII historians (even armchair ones) will find it fascinating. It was the beginning of Hitler's "Final Solution. Rick Steves Italy 2020 (Rick Steves Travel Guide) Part of: Rick Steves Travel Guide (20 Books) | by Rick Steves | Dec 17, 2019 4.8 out of 5 stars 590 Once out of prison, he played on many of the same themes as Mussolini: rousing a disillusioned workforce, reviving a struggling economy, and fixing what was considered a weak government. The military might of Germany seemed unstoppable. His simplistic promises were made to order for his political base: more prosperity and expanded borders for more room in which to live, or Lebensraum. ", Thomas: Imagine, Hitler stepping out of that door, overlooking the masses — 200,000 people being lined up… He used propaganda to create a new community — in fact we even have a word for it: It's called "Volksgemeinschaft.". Absolute rulers enjoy each other's company. He had a big protection of his political movement…. Like Mussolini and Hitler, Franco vowed a return to order and to restore Spanish power and national pride. It's very nicely filmed, and shows us a lot of attractions. When you look at these pictures, you see the perfect German family, according to the Nazis. In 1939, Hitler and Mussolini signed a treaty creating what they called the "Pact of Steel." In 1932 the Nazi party won only about a third of the seats in parliament. Inside the museum, the exhibit is a one-way walk; allow at least two hours. It’s a world of ancient terraced vineyards, little pastel ports, rustic cuisine and twinkling vistas. Holger: People were taken by Hitler's speech — not so much by the beauty of his arguments, but by his shear fanaticism, by his anger, by his rage, and his repetitive rhetoric. In Rick Steves Travel Talks you'll join Rick and his travel experts as they speak on topics ranging from European Travel Skills to T… Rick Steves on the Cinque Terre, the Riviera of Italy. Feb 3, 2020 - Explore Carmen Wende's board "VIDEOS" on Pinterest. See more ideas about documentaries, history videos, rick steves travel. Alfio: People didn't have a choice to accept Mussolini as their leader. Their emperor had been toppled, replaced by a weak democracy. (62) 2018 TV-G. Rick Steves' Europe is public television's most-watched, longest-running travel series. Make citizens more than consumers, and very importantly, having media that are not biased. Rick Steves ( writes European guidebooks, hosts travel shows on public TV and radio, and organizes European tours. Holger: He coined the phrase himself, the Führer, the leader, as also establishing himself as a bit of new god for Germany. Part of Discovery Channel's Discovery Atlas series. Up to a thousand people — each tattooed with an ID number — were packed into each of these buildings. Learn about Rick Steves' small-group tours with more than 40 great itineraries for 2021! He speaks quite quickly sometimes,so he may be hard to follow for some people. Andreas: In Germany we definitely believe that education is one of the main ways to make sure something like this will not be repeated. Rick Steves Tours. Francesca: Democracy is fragile, and it should not be taken for granted, so to defend it I think is important. To understand and enjoy the people who love this land and call it home. Everywhere he went, crowds adored him. Francesca grew up hearing stories of Mussolini. Georg, who has helped me generously with my guidebooks, offers three-hour walking tours of Munich, among other options. The Life of Apostle Paul with Rick Steves I recorded this documentary in 2004 in Greece and Turkey while working for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Because it was in this corner of Bavaria that Hitler claimed to be inspired and laid out his dark vision, some call Berchtesgaden "the cradle of the Third Reich.". Andreas: Well you can see that Hitler had problems with grammar — part of it is gibberish; it's very hard to get through. Click to copy the fixed iFrame Copy . The Blackshirts broke strikes, expelled socialist mayors, and gave their base the promise of action. One German industry that boomed was the auto industry, and one of the world's most famous cars was born during the Nazi era. Rick Steves is a famous American author and television personality. Just wanted to share this. "Everyone's chomping at the bit to get going again, but I'm just not in that mood at all," he said. Holger: For him, it was clear his scapegoat was the Jews. 2.7 million of those died in death camps. Nowhere was that more true than in defeated and devastated Germany. A few years ago, while walking the beaches at Normandy and making a pilgrimage to concentration camps in Poland, it occurred to me that the last of those candles are flickering out. This planned city is the architectural embodiment of fascism. It was like hypnosis. In Berlin, the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is a touching and evocative field of gravestone-like pillars. Its exceptional collection of 20th-century art is housed in what was Madrid's first public hospital. Anyone who didn't fit into their model could be viewed as an enemy of the state, and sent to concentration camps. Basically, blond, blue-eyed people doing field work. Those early Nazis found a natural base here in Munich. Andreas: He's saying that democracy doesn't work, that it's a flawed system that can be manipulated by outside forces for their own gain; he's blaming communists for it — ultimately at the end of everything it's the Jewish "world conspiracy," so Jews are behind everything that's wrong with the world; that he has a solution for that, and the solution is fascism or National Socialism…and that he can make Germany strong — he can unite the country; he can unite the master race and get us back to our rightful status. It was all financed on credits — on a future war. Despite its veneer of respectability, and its popularity among ordinary people, the thriving fascist state relied on increasingly brutal repression. Rick Steves' Europe. The economy was horrible — people needed jobs…terrible inflation wiped out savings…it took literally a wheelbarrow of nearly worthless currency to buy a loaf of bread. And people — eyewitness accounts — would describe it as barbaric, primitive effect. ["…because I knew two ranks: the German farmer and the German worker."]. With their "Final Victory" seemingly inevitable, the Nazis tightened the screws within their own society. If you aren't yet, this will entice you: Just watched an engrossing documentary untitled Italy: Revealed. Sicily serves up a full-bodied and tasty travel experience. The Anne Frank House in Amsterdam humanizes the horror of the Holocaust through the story of just one of its more than 10 million victims. "Mussolini is always right.". Holger: Anything else that would question society, or bring society forward — which art is quite well able to do — would just be deemed, like, unnatural or un-German — "undeutsch.". Reviewed in the United States on January 1, 2018. So, everything that was distributed to the people through the media was controlled from Berlin. ‎In addition to being the host of public television and radio travel programs and the author of over 50 travel books, Rick Steves is an active and charismatic lecturer. Auschwitz I, where public transportation from Kraków arrives, has the main museum building, the Arbeit Macht Frei gate, and indoor museum exhibits in former prison buildings. Our goal? Written and hosted by best-selling guidebook author Rick Steves, each half-hour show takes viewers to Europe's most interesting places, from great cities to … Ii Duce 's celebration could happen `` Holy Roman Empire. board videos... Gesture, or a facial expression at … POV is a touching and field... 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