Consequently, in the British Army, the Archer was operated by the Royal Artillery(RA), rather than Royal Armoured Corps(RAC). Osprey. The 17 lb gun was an excellent anti tank weapon with a fire power nearly equal to that of the dreaded German 88mm gun, but it was also big and heavy needing a vehicle to move it, this meant it could only really be used in a defensive role. British Archer Tank Destroyer The 17-pounder was a 76.2mm gun developed by the United Kingdom during World War II as a towed anti-tank gun on its own carriage, but was also mounted on British military vehicles such as the Sherman Fire Fly and proved capable … A result of a rushed attempt to create a self-propelled gun, the vehicle had numerous problems, was produced in limited numbers and was soon replaced by better designs. As a tank gun, it was succeeded by the 84 mm 20 pounder. Self-Propelled Mount M10 and 17 pdr Self-Propelled Achilles. The vehicle was produced in the 1950s to up-gun units of the Royal Armoured Corps continuing to use the Cromwell tank during the early phases of the Cold War. An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities. I included a Santa hat that fits on the tank for fun. This tank destroyer was released along with the entire British tree line in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour". The first prototype was completed in 1943, with firing trials carried out in April 1943. Vickers were given orders for 800 vehicles. [6] Some were successfully used against Israeli armour in 1956. "British Anti-Tank Artillery 1939-1945". This powerful, lightly-armored tank destroyer was capable of engaging enemy tanks of any type at distances up to 1,000 meters. The Archer tank destroyer was based on the Infantry Tank Mk III "Valentine". The SP 17pdr. It was used in North-West Europe and (in 1945) in Italy. The Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I, Archer was a British self propelled anti-tank gun of the Second World War based on the Valentine infantry tank chassis fitted with an Ordnance QF 17 pounder gun. "Valentine Mk III". The Archer served with some units of the Royal Armoured Corps in BAOR (British Army of the Rhine) in the early 1950s. 26:19. The solution was … This article lists British armoured fighting vehicle production during the Second World War. Tank Destroyer Archer. Britain’s most promising anti-tank gun was the excellent 17 pdr., and in 1942 a chassis for a self-propelled version was needed. Ive tried to upload an image but my screenshot files are too big. A variant of the Churchill tank had been built in 1942 as a self-propelled gun - the "3-inch Gun Carrier" - and the US was expected to be able to provide the 76 mm armed M10 tank destroyer through Lend-lease. Nonetheless, the Archer was a successful reuse of the outdated Valentine chassis. Developed by Vickers, it proved to be both strong and reliable, which was unusual for British tanks of the period. It was used extensively by the British in the North African campaign. Top speed was relatively low because of the underpowered engine and weak suspension. It was used to 'up-gun' some foreign-built vehicles in British service, notably to produce the Sherman Firefly variant of the US M4 Sherman tank, giving British tank units the ability to hold their own against their German counterparts. This powerful, lightly-armored tank destroyer was capable of engaging enemy tanks of any type at distances up to 1,000 meters. Archer in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. The vehicle itself was a modified Cromwell with a more powerful gun installed in a relatively lightly armoured two-man turret. Production started in mid 1943 and the Archer began to be issued in October 1944, and saw combat in the Western Front and the Italian Campaign. Designed and manufactured by Vickers-Armstrongs, 655 were produced between March 1943 and May 1945. Post war the Archer served with the Egyptian Army. [ citation needed ], Production started in mid-1943 and the Archer entered service in October 1944. [citation needed]The engine in the Archer had a higher power rating than in the Valentine. The chassis was used for several other combat roles however, such as a flamethrower tank, observation post, and armoured personnel carrier. Chris Henry. The rear mounting had the advantage that combined with its low silhouette, the Archer made an excellent ambush weapon, allowing its crew to fire, then drive away without turning round. The Humber Light Reconnaissance Car, also known as Humberette or Ironside, was a British armoured car produced during the Second World War. The 17 pounder anti-tank gun was very powerful but also very large and heavy and could be moved about the battlefield only by a vehicle, which made the gun more effective in defence than in the attack. A total of 665 vehicles were built from 1943 through 1945. The Vickers Archer tank destroyer came about because of a need to make the 17 pounder anti tank gun more mobile. The Valentine Archer is a tank destroyer introduced in Battlefield V during the second Tides of War chapter, Lightning Strikes.It could be unlocked by completing the week six challenges, afterward becoming purchasable in The Company for 2,500.. By the end of the war, 655 of them had been produced. Profile Publishing. RAF Armoured Car companies possessed them, but seem never to have used them in action, making greater use of Rolls Royce Armoured Cars and other types. The Ordnance QF 2-pounder, or simply "2 pounder gun", was a 40 mm (1.575 in) British anti-tank and vehicle-mounted gun employed in the Second World War. This powerful, lightly-armored tank destroyer was capable of engaging enemy tanks of any type at distances up to 1,000 meters. The AEC Mk I Gun Carrier, known as Deacon, was a British armoured fighting vehicle of the Second World War. Self-propelled artillery is artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move towards its firing position. The United Kingdom produced 27,528 tanks and self-propelled guns from 1939 to May 1945, as well as 26,191 armoured cars and 69,071 armoured personnel carriers. Now because of the gun alone the tank destroyer will never be Tier 4 material. Standard Car 4x2, or Car Armoured Light Standard, better known as the Beaverette, was a British armoured car produced during the Second World War. The first prototype was completed in 1943, with firing trials carried out in April 1943. It is probably the most interesting of tanks added in the latest patch. On firing, the gun breech recoiled into the driver's space, with the driver staying in position, in case the vehicle needed to move quickly. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II armoured fighting vehicles of the United Kingdom, National War and Resistance Museum, Overloon, http://www.onwar.com/tanks/uk/farcher.htm, http://www.wwiivehicles.com/unitedkingdom/tanks-destroyer/archer.asp, http://www.tankmuseum.org/ixbin/indexplus?_IXSS_=_IXMENU_%3dtop%26ALL%3darcher%26_IXACTION_%3dsummary%26%252asform%3d%252fsearch_form%252fbovtm_combined%26_IXSESSION_%3dUV45fUp2WgR%26TYPE%3darticle%26_IXFPFX_%3dtemplates%252fsummary%252f&_IXFIRST_=3&_IXSPFX_=templates/full/tvod/t&_IXMAXHITS_=1&submit-button=summary&_IXSESSION_=UV45fUp2WgR&_IXMENU_=Vehicles, British armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Archer_(tank_destroyer)?oldid=4398660. The mounting allowed for 11 degrees of traverse to either side with elevation from -7.5 to +15 degrees.[3]. They are usually used for long-range indirect bombardment support on the battlefield. In the anti-tank role, it was replaced after the war by the 120 mm BAT recoilless rifle. [ citation needed ] The engine in the Archer had a higher power rating than in the Valentine. The Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder was a 76.2 mm (3 inch) gun developed by the United Kingdom during World War II. The Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I, Archer was a British self propelled anti-tank gun of the Second World War based on the Valentine infantry tank chassis fitted with an Ordnance QF 17 pounder gun. The Archer is an unusual tank destroyer. Im playing a scenario Flames in the Mist and my Archer Tank Destroyers are facing the wrong direction. It is the only museum of its kind in Asia and houses about 50 exhibits of vintage armored fighting vehicles. Background: British armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II, Tanks in the British Army, Type of Self-propelled artillery anti-tank gun, National War and Resistance Museum, Overloon, http://www.onwar.com/tanks/uk/farcher.htm, Light Tank Mk I, Mk II, Mk III, Mk IV and Mk V, British armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II. [8]. In development were tank designs using the 17-pounder, which led to the Cruiser Mk VIII Challenger tank (and its post-war variant the Avenger SP gun) derived from the Cromwell cruiser tank and the Sherman Firefly conversion of the Sherman tank. It is unique not just in its layout of the gun on the chassis but in the gun itself. Here is the 1/76 Milicast resin Archer Tank Destroyer. Archer is the first in the new line of British tank destroyers. Surviving vehicles are preserved at the Yad la-Shiryon Museum in Israel, National War and Resistance Museum, Overloon in the Netherlands, and the Bovington Tank Museum in the UK. However, these were at first arm… Any thoughts on why this might be happening? It is the British 17pdr. They are high mobility vehicles, usually based on continuous tracks carrying either a large field gun, howitzer, mortar, or some form of rocket/missile launcher. This is a remix in 1:100 scale and manipulated to need almost no supports, just a few 2mm along the base of the barrel. Achilles- during the war. [7] The Archer served with some units of the Royal Armoured Corps in the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) in the early 1950s. This vehicle was unusual in that its gun faced the rear of the chassis instead of the front. The Valentine chassis was soon chosen, as it was in production but obsolescent as a tank in British use and was also one of the few chassis that could accommodate such a large gun. Triple wheel bogies on springs with Newton hydraulic shock absorbers. Hello. Production started in mid-1943 and the Archer entered service in October 1944. The US developed, relatively soon in the war, a tank hunter doctrine, which spawned the M10 Wolverine. It was established by the Armored Corps Centre and School in February 1994. It was used in North-West Europe and (in 1945) in Italy. [ citation needed ], Under military doctrines prevalent in Commonwealth armies at the time, vehicles such as the Archer were "self-propelled anti-tank guns" and operated by the Royal Artillery (RA), rather than Royal Armoured Corps (RAC). It was used in North-West Europe and (in 1945[4]) in Italy. Production started in mid-1943 and the Archer entered service in October 1944. The mounting allowed for 11 degrees of traverse to either side, with elevation from -7.5 to +15 degrees. It was used by the Egyptian army after the end of World War 2. It was employed only during the North African Campaign from 1942 to 1943. The Tank, Cruiser, Ram was a cruiser tank designed and built by Canada in the Second World War, based on the U.S. M3 Medium tank chassis. In development were tank designs using the 17-pdr, which led to the Challenger (and its post-war variant the Avenger) derived from the Cromwell cruiser tank, and the Sherman Firefly conversion of Sherman tanks. AEC Armoured Car is the name of a series of British heavy armoured cars built by the Associated Equipment Company (AEC) during World War II. Top speed was relatively low because of the underpowered engine and weak suspension. Post war the Archer served with the Egyptian Army. Other projects were considered using obsolete tank chassis, including the Valentine for its reliability and low profile and the Crusader for its good power-to-weight ratio. The Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I, Archer was a British self propelled anti-tank gun [2] of the Second World War based on the Valentine infantry tank chassis fitted with an Ordnance QF 17 pounder gun. The Ordnance Quick-Firing 6-pounder 7 cwt, or just 6-pounder, was a British 57 mm gun, serving during the Second World War as a primary anti-tank gun of both the British and United States Army. A version of the Churchill tank had been tested as a self-propelled gun; the "3-inch Gun Carrier" and the US was expected to be able to provide the M10 Wolverine through Lend-lease. Valentine “Archer”, British Tier-2, Tank Destroyer - Duration: 26:19. Andy By the end of the war, 655 of them had been produced. [ citation needed ], The Valentine chassis was soon chosen, as it was in production but obsolescent for British use and was also one of the few chassis that could accommodate such a large gun. Main battle tanks, armoured cars, armoured self-propelled guns, infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnel carriers are all examples of AFVs. The 17 pounder anti-tank gun was a very powerful gun but also very large and heavy and could only be moved about the battlefield by a vehicle, which made the gun more effective in defence than in the attack. Also on display is a British Archer tank destroyer (based on the Valentine tank), a Canadian Sexton self-propelled artillery tracked-vehicle, US M3 Stuart M22 Locust light tanks, together with an American M3 Medium Tank and various armoured cars from different eras and periods of conflicts. Due to standardization on the American Sherman tank for frontline units, it was used exclusively for training purposes and was never used in combat as a gun tank. White, BT. The Bishop was a British self-propelled artillery vehicle based on the Valentine tank and armed with the 25 pounder gun-howitzer, which could fire an 87.6 mm (3.45 in) 11.5 kg (25 lb) HE shell or an armour-piercing shell. Nonetheless, the Archer successfully reused the outdated Valentine chassis. There was the idea of designing a more lightly armoured tank destroyer with the same gun, and aside the Archer, whoch was an interim backwards fixed gun mounted on a Valentine tank chassis, the gun still needed some traverse. Post-war Archer equipment. The Archer-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this vehicle. This Archer tank destroyer was abandoned by the Egyptian Army during the Suez Crisis, 1956. By the end of the war, 655 of them had been produced. [5] By the end of the war, 655 of them had been produced. Cavalry Tank Museum is a military museum in Ahmednagar in the state of Maharashtra, India. The Archer can be good at both close combat- so long as you have somewhere to retreat to- and is also good at sniping. It was also included in 1944 in the British arsenal as the Achilles, some of which were rearmed with the Ordance QF 17 Pounder (3 in/76 mm) gun. Under military doctrines prevalent in Commonwealth armies at the time, vehicles such as the Archer were called "self-propelled anti-tank guns" (rather than tank destroyers). It was also used as the main armament for a number of armoured fighting vehicles. Cavalry Tank Museum, Ahmednagar-Wikipedia There already were new tank designs on the drawing board by 1942, like the Cavalier, Centaur and Cromwell series. At the same time, the tall turret was not well protected enough. More about the Archer tank destroyer. Within the terminology are the self-propelled gun, self-propelled howitzer, self-propelled mortar, and rocket artillery. This Archer tank destroyer was abandoned by the Egyptian Army during the Suez Crisis, 1956. This was the same for two vehicles of US origin, that were initially conceived as "tank destroyers" though not used as such by the British: the 3 in. It was used in North-West Europe and Italy during the war; post-war, it served with the Egyptian Army. Surviving vehicles are preserved at the Yad la-S… Based on the Valentine Infantry support tank, the Archer made use of the excellent 17pdr gun which was far too big to fit into the existing turret (Valentine normally carried either a 2pdr or 6pdr gun). It was used as an anti-tank gun on its own carriage, as well as equipping a number of British tanks. Angry Nerd Gaming 6,556 views. A total of 1,100 M10s were converted to Achilles, making it the second most numerous armoured fighting vehicle to carry the 17 pounder gun, behind the Sherman Firefly. He's greatest advantage is the cannon, the same as the one found in Sherman Firefly and few other British vehicles. The Archer is a unique tank destroyer, as its gun faces the rear of the tank. 59.000+ plastic modelers use us. The Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I, Archer was a British self propelled anti-tank gun of the Second World War based on the Valentine infantry tank chassis fitted with an Ordnance QF 17 pounder gun. Join us now! Archer SP 17 pdr Tank Destroyer.jpg 800 × 575; 301 KB Legertentoonstellingen, Voorbereidingen, Bestanddeelnr 902-7900.jpg 3,207 × 2,490; 1.89 MB Royal Artillery at London Victory Parade June 1946 IWM H 42778.jpg 800 × 603; 114 KB Archer Tank Destroyer. The M10 tank destroyer was a World War II United States tank destroyer which was based on the chassis of the M4 Sherman tank, it was fitted with the 3-inch (76.2 mm) Gun M7. The Archer was classified as a self-propelled anti-tank gun and as such was operated by the Royal Artillery (RA) rather than by Royal Armoured Corps units - as were British 3in SP, Wolverine and 17pdr SP. In a sense, you might … More than 8,000 of the type were produced in eleven marks, plus various specialised variants, accounting for approximately a quarter of wartime British tank production. The standard operating tactic of the Archer was to sit in wait as an ambush weapon of sorts. At that time, the Valentine was the only suitable candidate available. When I give them a command move they move backwards (in reverse). Secondly, if you compare the Archer with other vehicles with the exact same scenario (Marder's) who are also small out dated chassis refitted for AT purposes the Archer stands it's own quite great. Archer in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. It was supplied in large numbers to the USSR and built under licence in Canada. While the Wehrmacht sported almost a dozen of different tank hunter models by 1943-44, the Allies lagged behind. The Archer is a British tier 5 tank destroyer. Well firstly there is a difference between Self Propelled (Anti Tank) Artillery and Tank Destroyers. The 17pdr SP Achilles was a British variant of the American M10 tank destroyer armed with the British Ordnance QF 17 pounder high-velocity 76.2 mm anti-tank gun in place of the M10's considerably less powerful 3 inch Gun M7. It simply has too much penetration with the gun but more on that in a minute. [4], On firing, the gun breech recoiled just shy of the driver's space, with the driver staying in position, in case the vehicle needed to move quickly. The Archer was a British tank destroyer used during World War II based on the Valentine tank chassis. The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. The Charioteer Tank, or FV4101 Tank, Medium Gun, Charioteer was a post-war British armoured fighting vehicle. Used with the APDS shot, it was capable of defeating all but the thickest armour on German tanks. AFVs can be wheeled or tracked. Achilles - during the war. This topic is categorised under: Vehicles » Tank destroyers » Archer. British artillery crews generally favored their Archers when compared to the American-made M10 Achilles tank destroyers they received via Lend-Lease. The Archer was classified as a self-propelled anti-tank gun and as such was operated by the Royal Artillery (RA) rather than by Royal Armoured Corps units - as were British 3in SP, Wolverine and 17pdr SP. Archer (tank destroyer) The Self Propelled 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I, Archer was a British self propelled anti-tank gun of the Second World War based on the Valentine infantry tank chassis fitted with an Ordnance QF 17 pounder gun. The rear mounting combined with its low silhouette made the Archer an excellent ambush weapon, allowing its crew to fire, then drive away without turning round. Its top speed was relatively low because of the underpowered engine and weak suspension. The Archer Tank Destroyer The tank destroyer concept was initially dismissed by the British but due to the success German Tank Destroyers were having it was decided to ahead. [2] The Valentine had a small hull and it was not possible to use a turret, the gun was mounted in a simple, low, open-topped armoured box, very much like the early Panzerjäger German self-propelled guns in appearance, with the gun facing to the rear which kept the length of the Archer short. The Archer served an important role in the British army in WWII. Archer in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. Nonetheless, the Archer was a successful reuse of the outdated Valentine chassis. A tank destroyer, tank hunter, or tank killer is a type of armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a direct-fire artillery gun or missile launcher, designed specifically to engage and destroy enemy tanks, often with limited operational capacities. [3] Since the Valentine had a small hull and it was not possible to use a turret, the gun was mounted in a simple, low, open-topped armoured box, very much like the early Panzerjäger German self-propelled guns in appearance, with the gun facing to the rear, which kept the length of the Archer short. It was an attempt to make the QF 6 pounder anti-tank gun into a self-propelled artillery piece. The British tank destroyer was much lower than the German one, which is a very important feature for a tank destroyer. The many variants included riveted and welded construction, petrol and diesel engines and a progressive increase in armament. [ citation needed ], Jordanian Arab Legion and National Guard were supplied with 36 ex-British Archers in 1952. Valentine (also known as the Archer) is a Rank II British tank destroyer with a battle rating of 3.3 (AB/RB/SB). )[ citation needed ], Post-war, the Egyptian Army received 200 ex-British Archers after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. 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